New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian American research university based in New York City. Founded in 1831, NYU is now one of the largest private universities in the United States. Its main campus is located at Washington Square in Greenwich Village, and it also has several other campuses in the United States and abroad. It is one of only three universities in the New York State metropolitan areas to have schools of law, medicine and engineering, all of which are ranked in the “top 50” according to the US News & World Report. US News & World Report ranks NYU in the “top 35” nationally consistently ever since it started compiling and publishing rankings of “America’s Best Colleges”. NYU consistently ranks in the “top 50” among all universities on Earth.
The university has been popularly known as New York University since its beginning and was officially renamed New York University in 1896. In 1832, NYU held its first classes in rented rooms of four-story Clinton Hall, situated near City Hall. In 1835, the School of Law, NYU’s first professional school, was established. Although the impetus to found a new school was partly a reaction by evangelical.
Whereas NYU had its Washington Square campus since its founding, the university purchased a campus at University Heights in the Bronx because of overcrowding on the old campus. NYU also had a desire to follow New York City’s development further uptown. NYU’s move to the Bronx occurred in 1894, spearheaded by the efforts of Chancellor Henry Mitchell MacCracken. The University Heights campus was far more spacious than its predecessor was. As a result, most of the university’s operations along with the undergraduate College of Arts and Science and School of Engineering were housed there. NYU’s administrative operations were moved to the new campus, but the graduate schools of the university remained at Washington Square.
The university logo, the upheld torch, is derived from the Statue of Liberty, signifying NYU’s service to the city of New York. The torch is depicted on both the NYU seal and the more abstract NYU logo, designed in 1965 by renowned graphic designer Tom Geismar of the branding and design firm Chermayeff & Geismar. There are at least two versions of the possible origin of the university color, violet. Some believe that it may have been chosen because violets are said to have grown abundantly in Washington Square and around the buttresses of the Old University Building. Others argue that the color may have been adopted because the violet was the flower associated with Athens, the center of learning in ancient Greece. NYU received a grade of “B” on the College Sustainability Report Card 2010 from the Sustainable Endowments Institute.